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The Liquor Control Board should be abolished, and the county should hire a full-time attorney rather than retain multiple part-time legal advisers. The first court was held at Hungerford's Tavern on May 20, 1777. Compiled in the Bureau of Topographical Engineers from the latest and best authorities, September 1862. has over a hundred pupils, some of whom live five miles from town, but walk to and from school regularly", "Civil War Guide to Montgomery County, Maryland", "Lynched a Suspected Negro; Mob Had No Proof on", "A Brutal Negro Lynched; Taken From a Maryland Jail and Hanged", "Rockville Civil War Monument - Rockville, MD - American Civil War Monuments and Memorials on", "Civil War Sesquicentennial Commemoration, 1861-1865, Montogmery County, Maryland", "Why do people believe myths about the Confederacy? Maryland is a state located in the Mid Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia to the south and west, Pennsylvania to the north, and Delaware to the east. [71] Republicans favored a referendum on the proposed charter amendment, while Democrats favored it in principle but urged the specific amendment's defeat because the duties of the County Executive were not specific enough. Sidney Kramer (Democrat), County Executive. Centennial celebration of the erection of Montgomery County, Md. 1978; E. Guy Jewell, From One Room to Open Space: A History of Montgomery County Schools from 1732 to 1965. [137], Montgomery County is religiously diverse. About 4.0% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[101]. Metropolitan Branch of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad ran from Washington, DC, northwest through Montgomery County to Point of Rocks. [47] Implementing some of the recommendations weeks later, the county commissioners appointed a permanent Board of Assessors, reorganized the Welfare Board, hired the a County Attorney and a purchasing agent, and hired sixteen police officers. Clara Barton, founder of American Red Cross, died at her home in Glen Echo. Washington Suburban Transit Commission established for Montgomery and Prince George's counties. [55] Council seats would be nonpartisan, each seat would be held for four years, and elections would occur every two years. Montgomery County Executive Marc Elrich and County Council President Sidney Katz, on behalf of the entire Council, presented a joint proclamation today proclaiming Sunday, Nov. 1, as “Emancipation Day” in the County. [21]:154 He wrote about his experiences in a memoir which became the basis for Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852). For the 2017–2018 school year, the district had 13,094 teachers, 86.4 percent of whom had a master’s degree or equivalent, serving 161,936 students at its 205 schools. 200) completed for Prince George's and Montgomery counties. [71] Elected to a four-year term, the County Executive could veto legislation passed by the County Council, although five members of the County Council could vote to overrule the veto. "Chapter 66. George W. Peck lynched in Poolesville. [80], In November 1995, the City of Takoma Park held a state-sponsored referendum asking whether the portions of the city in Prince George's County should be annexed to Montgomery County or vice versa. 1949, Jan. 21-1953, Jan. 20. Montgomery County is a county in the state of Maryland. Montgomery County History and Genealogy (Source: Genealogy Trails History Group); Montgomery County MDGenWeb (Source: USGenWeb); Adjacent counties . Beer and wine may still be sold in individual stores and at a single location within the county for a store chain. [21]:152 In the first half of the 19th century, low tobacco prices and worn-out soil caused many tobacco farms to be abandoned. Marshall W. Nirenberg (1927-2010), National Institutes of Health, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. "Coxey's Army" encamped at Gaithersburg en route to Washington, DC. [86] Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, and account for the majority of the average 35 days with thunder per year. The names and areas of each hundred carried over from when the area was still part of Frederick County. [66] Council members would elect one of their own to serve as president of the Council. [20]:28, By 1776, there was a growing movement to form a new, strong federal government, with each colony retaining the authority to govern its local affairs. 1969, Jan. 21-1973, Sept. 3. Eric R. Kandel (1929-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. [119], Anchor Inn in Wheaton was the first establishment to serve liquor in the county under the new law.[118]. 1863, June 26. Activities for Studying Local History Outdoor Education Series, Bulletin No. Josiah Henson, from "Strike for Freedom" exhibit, House of Delegates Office Building, Annapolis, Maryland, April 2019. The Sea Around Us, by Rachel Carson (1907-1964) of Montgomery County, published. The median household income in 2007 was $89,284 and the median family income was $106,093. Radiation Biology Laboratory, a Smithsonian bureau, relocated from Astrophysical Observatory buildings, Washington, DC, to Rockville. Confederate cavalry brigades under Brig. The Colesville–Ashton Turnpike was built in 1870 (now parts of Colesville Road, Columbia Pike, and New Hampshire Avenue). Second segment of Intercounty Connector opened to traffic, linking Olney with Laurel with ten additional miles of highway. Jack W. Szostak (1952-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. c. 6,000 B.C. 1970, Dec. 7-1978, Dec. 4. [6] The county seat and largest municipality is Rockville, although the census-designated place of Germantown is the most populous city within the county. The Purple Line will connect directly with four Metro stations, MARC trains and Amtrak.[129]. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 971,777, and a 2014 estimate put the population at 1,030,447. [20]:19–21 Sparsely settled, the area's farms and taverns were nonetheless of strategic importance as access to the interior. The first executive was James P. Gleason. Biomedical research is carried out by institutions including Johns Hopkins University's Montgomery County Campus (JHU MCC), and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI). [47] The county commissioners strongly criticized the recommendation to create a county council, both because the council would be nonpartisan and because each county resident would be able to vote for only one representative rather than for all nine. Christian B. Anfinsen (1916-1995), National Institutes of Health, won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. On July 21 and 22, 2020, Montgomery History, in partnership with The Montgomery County Lynching Memorial Project, Peerless Rockville, and the County Remembrance and Reconciliation Commission, held a two-part event learning about and discussing the … [22], On August 31, 1776, Wootton introduced a measure to form a new county from the southern portion of Frederick County. On September 6, 1776, Thomas Sprigg Wootton from Rockville, Maryland, introduced legislation, while serving at the Maryland Constitutional Convention, to create … Occupying a middle ground between incorporated and unincorporated areas are Special Tax Districts, quasi-municipal unincorporated areas created by legislation passed by either the Maryland General Assembly or the county. Places adjacent to Montgomery County, Maryland, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties. Downtown Bethesda and Silver Spring are the largest urban business hubs in the county; combined, they rival many major city cores. [77] In November 1968, the charter amendment was approved, with 53 percent of votes in favor. These figures count adherents, meaning all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The following year, the Montgomery County Civic Federation appointed Woodside Park-resident Allen H. Gardener to head a committee to study the reorganization of the Montgomery County's government. [48] The Charter Board petitioned to form a county council with the power to pass laws without the consent of the Maryland General Assembly and with authority over the administration the county. [76] The commission's plan was to separate the legislative and executive functions of government. [10][11] Like other inner-suburban Washington, D.C. counties, Montgomery County contains many major U.S. government offices, scientific research and learning centers, and business campuses, which provide a significant amount of revenue for the county. Montgomery County was the one of the first seven counties in Maryland to start to desegregate its public schools, which it began in September 1955, following the Brown v. Board of Education ruling by the Supreme Court of the United States that ordered the desegregation of all schools nationwide. The former coat of arms of Montgomery County, used up until 1976. [22] The residents wanted a county courthouse to be located closer to them. Though extensive, this list is not … Covering seven miles, this segment links Gaithersburg with Olney. 1972. Illustrated atlas of Montgomery County, Indiana LeGear. Before European colonization, the land now known as Montgomery County was covered in a vast swath of forest crossed by the creeks and small streams that feed the Potomac and Patuxent rivers. 1916, May 19. Atlases of the United States, 4557 Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Federal government began moving National Institutes of Health to site near Bethesda. First segment of Intercounty Connector (MD Route 200), the State's first all-electronic toll road, opened for Montgomery and Prince George's counties. Amtrak, the U.S. national passenger rail system, operates its Capitol Limited to Rockville, between Washington Union Station and Chicago Union Station. Monocacy Aqueduct at Dickerson, design and construction overseen by Benjamin Wright (1770-1842). Second Courthouse completed at Rockville. [20]:23, Like other regions of the American colonies, the region that is now Montgomery County saw protests against British taxation in the years before the American Revolution. U.S. 1937. Montgomery County is served by three passenger rail systems, with a fourth line under construction. 2009. 1970. Many of the farmers owned slaves. 1978, Feb. Silver Spring Metrorail Station opened. Neal Potter (Democrat), County Executive. [112], The members of the County Council as of 2018 are:[113]. In 1828, the turnpike was completed, running from Georgetown to Rockville. [96] In terms of ancestry, 10.7% were German, 9.6% were Irish, 7.9% were English, 4.9% were Italian, 3.5% were Russian, 3.1% were Polish, 2.9% were American and 2% were French. 1833. "Montgomery Co.," in Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives. [63] The bill passed the state legislature and was signed by Governor Herbert R. O'Conor in 1945. The board has since been all-Democratic. Most of these early settlers were small farmers, growing wheat and a variety of other subsistence crops in addition to the region's main cash crop, tobacco. [12][13], The Maryland state legislature named Montgomery County after Richard Montgomery; the county was created from lands that had at one point or another been part of Frederick County. [67], In 1962, a county civic group advocated for the election of a county executive. John L. (Jan) Hall (1934-), National Institute of Standards and Technology, won Nobel Prize in Physics. 1861, June-1862, March. The name use of Montgomery and Washington County were seen as further defiance to Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. Confederate Maj. Gen. J.E.B. When Montgomery County was created in 1776, its boundaries were defined as "beginning at the east side of the mouth of Rock Creek on Potowmac river [sic], and running with the said river to the mouth of Monocacy, then with a straight line to Par's spring, from thence with the lines of the county to the beginning".[4]. 1891. Although officially unincorporated, in practice it is an edge city which had a population of 81,816 residents as of 2018. The county's motto is also the motto of its namesake's family.[17][18][19]. [41] If the petition receives signatures from at least twenty percent of the county's registered voters, all county residents would vote to select the members of the Charter Board during the next general election. Shady Grove Metrorail Station opened. [20][23]:75–83, Montgomery County operates its own bus public transit system, known as Ride On. A Brief History of the Montgomery County Police. [41] The Charter Board would be authorized to draft a new system of county government, which could include a county council with the power to enact legislation and policies. Montgomery County, Maryland Genealogy, History and Facts (Genealogy Inc) The Montgomery County MDGenWeb Project, a member of The MDGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project. Welcome to our Montgomery County family history research page. De county heeft een landoppervlakte van 1.283 km² en telt 873.341 inwoners (volkstelling 2000). British Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock (1695-1755) and troops encamped at Rockville area. 1986, Nov. 22. Visitors can also view entries of canned and baked goods, clothing, quilts and produce from local county farmers.[142]. President James Madison, Attorney General Richard Rush, and other Cabinet members sought refuge at Brookeville, following British attack on Washington, DC. 1949, Jan. 21-1953, Jan. 20. [107] Overall, 41% of the county's residents are affiliated with a religion. Notes. Montgomery County is an alcoholic beverage control county. 1938, June. 1776. Homer Hoyt Associates: Washington, DC, 1958 “An Inventory of Community Resources for Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties, Maryland.” 1959; Clarke, Nina Honemond and Lillian B. [40], The county began with most legislative power in the hands of the Maryland state government, with a five-person Montgomery County Board of Commissioners who oversaw the administration of the county but could neither pass county laws nor enact policies. [52] The newly formed Independent Party endorsed the charter, praising county residents' goal of improving their form of government. [77] The County Executive would hire a chief administrative officer to supervise the daily operations of the government. [22], Wootton also proposed forming a new county from the northwestern portion of Frederick County, named Washington County, named after another well-known leader of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, General George Washington. Bevolkingspiramide Montgomery County. In 1791, portions of Montgomery County, including Georgetown, were ceded to form the new District of Columbia, along with portions of Prince George's County, Maryland, as well as parts of Virginia that were later returned to Virginia. [56] The editorial board of The Washington Post supported the draft charter. … Montgomery County was granted a charter form of government in 1948. Montgomery County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of Maryland, located adjacent to Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 971,777, increasing by 8.1% to an estimated 1,050,688 in 2019. 1880, Jan. 10. Item Preview ... Clarksburgh, Md. 1809-1823. The USGenWeb Archives Project for Montgomery County. [36] The statue was moved to its new location in July 2017. Thus, it was not until approximately 1715 that the first British settlers began building farms and plantations in the area. [58] The Montgomery County League of Women Voters also endorsed the draft charter. John G. Roberts, Jr. (1955-) of Montgomery County began to serve as Chief Justice, U.S. Supreme Court. Relief between valley bottoms and hilltops is several hundred feet. John Smith explored Potomac River. Until 1860, only private schools existed in Montgomery County. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. [124], The county began building a bus rapid transit (BRT) system along US 29 in 2018. William D. Phillips (1948-), National Institute of Standards and Technology, won Nobel Prize in Physics. [72][73] In the referendum held in September 1966,[74] the referendum was defeated, with 57 percent of voters opposed. Union troops marched through Barnesville en route to Gettysburg. Frederick 1 : 125000. Males had a median income of $66,415 versus $52,134 for females. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock's II Corps camped near Barnesville en route to Antietam. Photo by Diane F. Evartt. By popular demand, I'm following up that post with a discussion of these same subdivisions in the history of Montgomery County. [118] The county stopped issuing liquor licenses to all other restaurants under a law that had existed since Prohibition. It was the first paved road in Montgomery County. The Montgomery County Police Department provides county-wide law enforcement services, although several cities including Rockville and Gaithersburg maintain their own police departments to complement MCPD. [22], When Wootton discussed his idea with the residents of southern Frederick County, the residents supported his idea for a different reason. [107], Montgomery County has the largest Jewish population in the state of Maryland, accounting for 45% of Maryland Jews. The present County Executive/County Council form of government of Montgomery County dates to November 1968 when the voters changed the form of government from a County Commission/County Manager system, as provided in the original 1948 home rule Charter. 1962. General Edward Braddock's army traveled through the county on the way to its disastrous defeat at Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War. These parents are making them delete the data", "No Muslim holiday on Montgomery County school calendar isn't fair or 'PC, "Maryland county: No school holiday for Eid ad-Adha, and none for Christmas, Yom Kippur either", "Delaney Statement on Montgomery County Board of Education Decision on Religious Holidays", "County Membership Report: Montgomery County, Maryland: Religious Traditions, 2010", "Washington Spirit extends partnership with D.C. United and Loudoun United FC to host four matches at Audi Field in addition to four games at Segra Field in 2020", "About Us - The Montgomery County Agricultural Fair", "Special Taxing Districts and Regional Agencies", "Census Incorporated Places and Census Designated Places in Montgomery County, as shown by Maryland Department of Planning", "The Greater Bethesda-Chevy Chase Chamber of Commerce", "Montgomery County Digital Aerial Photo Image Server", "Montgomery County: Independent City, County Subdivisions, and Other Places", Montgomery County Fire and Rescue Service, Ana G. Méndez University Capital Area Campus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montgomery_County,_Maryland&oldid=997766937, Slave cabins and quarters in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1: Poolesville/Potomac/Bethesda/Chevy Chase, 2: Germantown/Clarksburg/Darnestown/Damascus, 4: Wheaton/Glenmont/Aspen Hill/Ashton/Laytonsville, 5: Silver Spring/Takoma Park/Burtonsville, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 03:40. As a result, Montgomery County came into existence on October 1, 1776. Celebrating 75 Years of Montgomery History Our mission is to collect, preserve, interpret, and share the histories of all of Montgomery County’s residents. [131], MCPS operates under the jurisdiction of an elected Board of Education. In the 116th Congress, Montgomery is represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by John Sarbanes of the 3rd district, David Trone of the 6th district, and Jamie Raskin of the 8th district. In 2015, Montgomery County Executive Isiah Leggett ordered that the Confederate statue be removed. [75], In February 1967, the Montgomery County Council formed a commission to draft a charter amendment to elect a county executive. [99] 8.1% of Montgomery County was of Central American descent, with Salvadoran Americans constituting 5.4% of the county's population. Although Rockville is the most populous incorporated city in Montgomery County, Germantown, an unincorporated census-designated place, is the most populous locale in the county. Since 1949 the Montgomery County Agricultural Fair, the largest in the state, showcases farm life in the county. Over 52,000 people of Salvadoran descent lived in Montgomery County, with Salvadoran Americans comprising approximately 32% of the county's Hispanic and Latino population. The Smondrowski amendment received both national[135] and international[136] attention. Thomas A. Steitz (1940-), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, won Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Verenigde Staten. 1961, March 4. 1949, Jan. 18. 1946, Sept. Montgomery County Junior College (now Montgomery College) opened, first junior college in State. In 1774, local residents met at Hungerford's Tavern and agreed to break off commerce with Great Britain. [23]:75–83, The United States Army Corps of Engineers built the Washington Aqueduct between 1853 and 1864, to supply water from Great Falls to Washington. This period was one of great demographic change, with more than 50,000 Jews from Washington, D.C., settling in the nearby Maryland suburbs of Montgomery and Prince Georges counties. [69] The group also advocated for nonpartisan elections for council members. 1982. A slave cabin where he is believed to have spent time still stands at the end of a driveway off Old Georgetown Road. [133] Parents said they hoped to shield children from being held accountable in adulthood for youthful mistakes, as well as to guard them from exploitation by what one parent termed “the student data surveillance industrial complex”.The district also requires tech companies to annually delete data they collect on schoolchildren. Pottery shards and broken arrowheads from this period found around current National Institutes of Health (NIH) property. She advanced the fire service agenda at the local and state levels in Maryland. In September 2014 the Council unanimously enacted Bill 16-14, which established a Public Election Fund to provide public campaign financing for County Executive and County Council candidates. Council to Let Voters Make Annexation Decision: Takoma Park Wants to Absorb 3 Neighborhoods", "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV", "Intellicast - Rockville Historic Weather Averages in Maryland (20857)", "Intellicast - Silver Spring Historic Weather Averages in Maryland (20901)", "Astonishing snow totals this winter in upper Montgomery County: nearly 70 inches", "Intellicast - Damascus Historic Weather Averages in Maryland (20872)", "How much snow fell in your backyard? 1932-1982. The county was "invaded" on multiple occasions by Confederate and Union forces. The last Republican serving on the Montgomery County Council, Howard A. Denis of District 1 (Potomac/Bethesda), was defeated in 2006. 1939, Feb. Chesapeake & Ohio Canal opened as national park. [9] The county has been ranked as one of the wealthiest in the United States. According to the county's comprehensive annual financial reports, the top employers by number of employees in the county are the following. [119], Following a voter referendum,[120] restaurants and bars could apply for county permits to sell liquor by the drink. Now five members are elected by the voters of their council district and four are elected at-large. This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Maryland. Heavy precipitation is most common in summer thunderstorms, but drought periods are more likely during these months because summer precipitation is more variable than winter. Captain John Smith of the English settlement at Jamestown was probably the first European to explore the area, during his travels along the Potomac River and throughout the Chesapeake region. Educative system is conformed by Montgomery County Public Schools, Montgomery College and other institutions in the area. Free county public school system established for white children. Montgomery County has the tenth highest median household income in the United States, and the second highest in the state after Howard County as of 2011. [21]:313–315 In November 1938, the Commissioners selected the Brookings Institution for Government Research to conduct the study. 2011, Nov. 22. [22], Several members of the Maryland Continental Convention opposed Wootton's proposal, and it was tabled. The Sea Around Us, by Rachel Carson (1907-1964) of Montgomery County, published. [22][21]:41 Eight months prior, Montgomery had died in Quebec City while attempting an ultimately unsuccessful invasion of the Province of Quebec.

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