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Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia. From 1st to 4th December 1994 the wreck was examined by divers from Rockwater A/S Stavanger and by ROVs from Smit Tak, Rotterdam (parent company of Rockwater A/S) apparently contracted by the Swedish Sjöfarts-verket. Two bodies have subsequently been found in the area of the Gulf of Finland, one in the open sea and one on the shorelines of Estonia. [4], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°23′0″N 21°40′0″E / 59.38333°N 21.66667°E / 59.38333; 21.66667, The ship was originally ordered from Meyer Werft by a Norwegian shipping company led by Parley Augustsen with intended traffic between Norway and Germany. This investigation found a 4-metre hole in the ship's hull. Boesten, E. (2006): The M/S Estonia Disaster and the Treatment of Human Remains. 852 people were cla… [5], Meyer Werft had constructed a large number of ships for various Viking Line partner companies during the 1970s. [JAIC 5] The bow visor and ramp had been torn off at points that would not trigger an "open" or "unlatched" warning on the bridge, as is the case in normal operation or failure of the latches. Map showing where divers observed bodies (2) Highlight from official report regarding diver's discovery of victims: [2] The vessel's rapid list and the flooding prevented many people in the cabins from ascending to the boat deck, as water not only flooded the vessel via the car deck, but also through windows in cabins as well as the massive windows along deck 6. Only 137 people survived the disaster. The following spring Silja Star began her service with Wasa Line, another company owned by EffJohn. The MS Estonia consisted of 11 decks, counting from the lowest (0) to the highest (10). [35][36] As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site. Demands were also made that the entire ship be raised so that the cause of the disaster could be discovered by detailed inspection. [19] The first metallic bang was believed to have been the sound of the visor's lower locking mechanism failing, and subsequent noises were the visor 'flapping' against the hull as the other locks failed, before tearing free and exposing the bow ramp. Mariella winched open liferafts into the sea onto which 13 people on Estonia's rafts successfully transferred, and reported the location of other rafts to Swedish and Finnish rescue helicopters, the first of which arrived at 03:05. The accident claimed 852 lives. The chief mate of the Viking Line cruiseferry Mariella tracked Estonia's speed by radar at approximately 14.2 knots (26.3 km/h; 16.3 mph) before the first signs of distress, while the Silja Europa's officers estimated her speed at 14 to 15 knots (26 to 28 km/h; 16 to 17 mph) at midnight. In the early hours of 28th September 1994, the MS Estonia, a car, and passenger ferry, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea off Finland’s coast. Wilson, Drew (2006), "The Hole: Another look at the sinking of the Estonia Ferry on September 28th 1994". 2.1 The Distress Communication", HELCOM reports a noticeable drop in shipping accidents in the Baltic, Directorate-General for Transport and Energy (European Commission), "The Revised SOLAS Regulations for Ro-Ro Ferries", "Passenger information required on all passenger ships from 1 January 1999", Simplified Voyage Data Recorders -Why choose float free, Liferaft Systems Australia: Maib Interim Safety Recommendation on The Use of Vertical Chute Type Marine Evacuation Systems, "Death in the Baltic: the MI6 connection", "Finnish Estonia Commission members still reject explosion theories", "Utredningen om transport av försvarsmateriel på M/S Estonia", "Riigikogu Committee of Investigation to Ascertain the Circumstances Related to the Export of Military Equipment from the Territory of the Republic of Estonia on the Ferry Estonia in 1994 – Final Report", "Documentary: MS Estonia has a large hole in the hull", "Head of MS Estonia investigation: Estonia sank on collision with submarine", "Estonian tuho lietsoi salaliittoteorioita", "Justitieutskottets betänkande 1994/95: JuU23 Gravfrid över m/s Estonia", "Agreement between the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden regarding the M/S Estonia", "Sjöfartsverket höll tyst om stoppade Estonia-dykare", "Built From Disaster Season 1 Episode 2: Ships", "Chapter 5.4 – Meteorological conditions", "Condition Survey of the Vessel "Estonia" for the Swedish National Maritime Administration. One of the victims of the sinking was the Estonian singer Urmas Alender. Survey Report. Numerous theories about the cause of the sinking have circulated for years, none of them proven as of yet. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 11:49. (Supplement No. Map showing where divers observed bodies. [5][6] It has been reported that the Wasa King was widely considered to be the best behaving ship in rough weather to have sailed from Vaasa. The wreck was examined and videotaped by remotely operated underwater vehicles and by divers from a Norwegian company, Rockwater A/S, contracted for the investigation work. [5][6] The reason for this was that Silja's new ship for Helsinki–Stockholm service was built behind schedule and one of the Turku–Stockholm ships, Wellamo, was transferred to that route until the new ship was complete in November 1990. A thorough examination of the MS Estonia would have helped in construction of new ferries, where potential weaknesses would have been identified. The investigation undertaken in 1997 concluded that heavy seas wrenched the bow doors open, which allowed seawater to gush into … [31] The M.S. MS Estonia, sank 1994 baltic sea 852 people died. This video was done not long after the disaster so the cabin is checked for bodies first, 852 people died and many bodies would still be inside the ship. However, not all shipwrecks are as easy to explain. After the sinking, due to public pressure to investigate the sinking, a dive team investigated the site and infiltrated into sections of the ship including the upper deck, the bridge, and several lower-decks during which they found nearly 100 bodies in the course of what was a fairly, due to the extreme environment, limited survey of only a few select sections of the wreck (as it was later revealed, only months earlier the MS Estonia's … SOLAS 90, which came into effect in 2010, specifies existing passenger ships' stability requirements and those in North West Europe must also be able to survive 50 centimetres (20 in) of water on the car deck. About 650 people were still inside the ship when it sank. Only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies have been recovered. Passenger facilities were located on decks 6, 5, 4, 1, while the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7. In a joint statement on Monday, Estonian, Swedish and Finnish foreign ministers announced they would “assess the new information”. [JAIC 8], In 1999, special training requirements in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour were extended to crew on all passenger ships, and amendments were made to watch-keeping standards. In: Bierens, J.J.L.M. After that, the voice of third mate Andres Tammes took over on Estonia and the conversation shifted to Finnish. Diving video 2 (bits of flesh seen floating around) Pictures: Screencaps of another simulation. [12][JAIC 2] Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members were Estonian. When the ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise sank in the English Channel in 1987, it was refloated and the bodies removed. Still missing are 757 persons. The MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea in 1994, killing 852 people. The ship M/S Estonia was en route from Tallinn to Stockholm when a storm ripped off the bow door. The ship disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50,[13] and sank at 59°23′N 21°42′E / 59.383°N 21.700°E / 59.383; 21.700 in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 km; 25 mi) on bearing 157° from Utö island, Finland, to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. [23] New International Maritime Organization (IMO) Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) liferaft regulations for rescue from listing ships in rough water were introduced, though launching such craft, even in training exercises, remains dangerous for the crew. The bow door of the Estonia is lifted from the sea in November 1994. investigators concluded the disaster was caused by the bow door of the ship being wrenched open in heavy seas. [20] The subsequent failure of the bow ramp allowed water into the vehicle deck, which was identified as the main cause of the capsizing and sinking:[19] RORO ferries with their wide vehicle decks are particularly vulnerable to capsizing if the car deck is even slightly flooded because of free surface effect: the fluid's swirling motion across such a large area hampers the boat's ability to right itself after rolling with a wave. In 1987, another murder and attempted murder took place. [JAIC 4] The official report indicated that the locks on the bow door had failed from the strain of the waves and the door had separated from the rest of the vessel, pulling the ramp behind it ajar. The pilot of OH-HVG stated that landing on the ferries was the most difficult part of the whole rescue operation; despite that, this single helicopter rescued 44 people, more than all the ferries. Of the 989 people on board, only 137 survived. The head of the Estonian investigation stated publicly that he believes this new information points to a collision with a submarine and that the hole could not have happened post-sinking. The ro-ro MS Estonia sank on September 28, 1994 in the Baltic Sea in one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. The actual ownership of the ship was rather complex, in order for Nordström & Thulin to get a loan to buy the ship. The Joint Accident Investigation Commission. Had they been activated automatically, it would have been immediately obvious that the ship had sunk and the location would have been clear. The ship's 1994 sinking, in the Baltic Sea between Sweden, Åland, Finland and Estonia, was one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. Short video clips showing the outside of the sunken Estonia were released during the investigation, but most of the 80 hours of tape had been classified. Many bodies remain unrecovered in the wreck and exploratory diving was banned at the site under a 1995 agreement signed by the governments of Estonia, Finland and Sweden. [33][34] Experts told the film-makers that only a massive external force would be strong enough to cause the rupture, raising many questions about what really happened that night. Recent explorations of the wreck site has found the "MS Estonia" lying on the side 240 feet down. After a decision not to salvage the wreck or the bodies of the victims, the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland signed a treaty in 1995, where they agreed to designate the site of the wreck a final resting place and make it illegal for its citizens to disturb the site by diving down to it. Life-raft from the MS Estonia. The former took survivors to shore, while the latter—Finnish border guard helicopters Super Puma OH-HVG and Agusta Bell 412 OH-HVD—chose the riskier option of landing on the ferries. Caused by myriad reasons, this Baltic Sea accident was an event so unprecedented that the extent of the damages caused, both to life and to property, is still shocking even after almost 15 years since the disaster occurred. The sinking of the Estonia has been the subject of a number of documentaries in addition to the feature film Baltic Storm, including: It was also mentioned in the Swedish film Force Majeure.[2]. [2] By the time the rescue helicopters arrived, around a third of those who escaped from the Estonia had died of hypothermia, while fewer than half of those who had managed to leave the ship were eventually rescued. All the countries were opposed to re-floating the MS Estonia, due to the costs and complex logistics involved with raising such a large vessel, not to mention the large number of bodies trapped in the hull. This prompted the Estonian prime minister and foreign minister to meet with their Swedish and Finnish equivalents and announce that a "new technical investigation" would take place. The official report says that while the exact speed at the time of the accident is not known, Estonia had very regular voyage times, averaging 16 to 17 knots (30 to 31 km/h; 18 to 20 mph). 852 lives were lost. (Chapter 3.2.7 – Bridge layout)", "Chapter 13.4 – Advance indications and alarms from the bow area", Investigation report on the capsizing on 28 September 1994 in the Baltic Sea of the Ro-Ro Passenger Vessel MV Estonia. Estonia directed a call to Silja Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator utter the word "Mayday". Maritime disasters have haunted humans since we first learned how to arrange objects in a way that let us float atop them. The makers of the five-part documentary series, which was released for streaming on Monday, claimed to have found a hitherto unrecorded four-metre hole in the hull of the MS Estonia. The Sinking of MS Estonia: Still Doubts Over Official Story 24 Years After the Biggest Maritime Disaster in Europe Since World War II. Sweden aims to allow probe into deadly 1994 Estonia ferry disaster It was the worst peacetime disaster at sea in European waters. Limburg, Peter R. (2005), "Deep-Sea Detectives: Maritime Mysteries and Forensic Science". Most died by drowning and hypothermia, as the water temperature was 10–11 °C/50–52 °F. The area near the Finnish island of Utö was designated a sea grave, prohibiting further exploration of the wreckage. Plans of the decks 0 to 5, as the tank deck. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea is an accident that will haunt the maritime domain for long years and even beyond. [2][3] It is one of the deadliest peacetime sinkings of a European ship, after the RMS Titanic (1912) and the RMS Empress of Ireland (1914), and the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters, with 852 lives lost. [37] The treaty is, however, only binding for citizens of the countries that are signatories. [14] Esa Mäkelä, the captain of Silja Europa who was appointed on-scene commander for the subsequent rescue effort, described the weather as "normally bad", or like a typical autumn storm in the Baltic Sea. Nordic leaders have announced that they will examine evidence from a new television documentary that could shatter the official explanation of how 852 people died in a 1994 ferry sinking in the Baltic Sea. An identical bow construction had also been used in Diana II. Paul Barney was on board the MS Estonia when it capsized and sank in the Baltic Sea in 1994 Credit: Hyde News & Pictures Ltd 14 The official story … A diver with nerves of steel enters the wreck of the Estonia ferry that sank in 1994 to gather evidence for the investigation into it's sinking. Just after midnight, in the first hour of September 28th, 1994, the passenger ferry MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea. The radio operator on Silja Europa, chief mate Teijo Seppelin, replied in English: "Estonia, are you calling mayday?" The British government signed a treaty in 1995 making it illegal for anyone to dive down to the wreckage. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium.The disaster claimed 852 lives. The dive is not long after the sinking. [JAIC 6] While there was video monitoring of the inner ramp, the monitor on the bridge was not visible from the conning station. In the aftermath of the disaster, many relatives of the deceased demanded that their loved ones be raised from international waters and given a land burial. MS Isabella saved 16 survivors with its rescue slide. Only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies have been recovered. They opposed a refloating of the ship, in part because of the cost and logistics of raising the vast number of bodies trapped in the hull. Two bodies have subsequently been found in the area of the Gulf of Finland, one in the open sea and one on the shorelines of Estonia. The windows gave way to the powerful waves as the ship listed and the sea reached the upper decks. No victims were found on the seabed surrounding the wreck or on the external areas of the wreck during the diving survey. He is entering Cabin 6129 on Deck 6. (June 2009) "Failure Analysis of the Estonia.". Survivors reported that water flowed down from ceiling panels, stairwells and along corridors from decks that were not yet under water. As a result, the ship was actually registered in both Cyprus and Estonia. Many of the twentieth century's worst disasters occurred during wartime as a result of military action. On 29 June 1980, Viking Sally was delivered to Rederi Ab Sally, Finland and was put into service on the route between Turku, Mariehamn and Stockholm[5][6] (during summer 1982 on the Naantali–Mariehamn–Kapellskär route). In 1997, investigators concluded the disaster was caused by the bow door of the ship being wrenched open in heavy seas, allowing water to gush into the car deck. Survivors described hearing a loud bang and Reintamm said he saw a large white object in the water next to the ferry, testimony that experts interviewed in the programme said had not been taken into account before now. Estonia departed slightly behind schedule at 19:15 on 27 September and had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:00. Divers have found 125 bodies in the restaurants and bars, and about 600 are still in their cabins; whole families are buried down there. Trying to find it.-There were around 500 Swede bodies in the wreck but Swedish goverment instantly denied the retrival and all 3 involved countries did no attempt to get the bodies. [27], In the autumn of 2004, a former Swedish customs officer claimed on Sveriges Television that Estonia had been used to transport military equipment in September 1994. At the last moment, the company withdrew their order and the contract went to Rederi Ab Sally, one of the partners in the Viking Line consortium (SF Line, another partner in Viking Line, had also been interested in the ship). In total, 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months later. The bridge was also situated too far back on the ferry for the visor to be seen from there. Until now the countries involved, including Estonia, Sweden and Finland, have proven extremely reluctant to re-examine the causes of the disaster. This contributed to the rapid sinking. Search and rescue followed arrangements set up under the 1979 International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (the SAR Convention), and the nearest Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre MRCC Turku coordinated the effort in accordance with Finland's plans. [JAIC 2] The commission estimated that up to 310 passengers reached the outer decks, 160 of whom boarded the life-rafts or lifeboats.[17]. The video: The dive investigation team infiltrating into passenger cabin room number 6129, deck 6 the MS Estonia. [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994. ... A diving robot was lowered to the wreck and discovered a hole in the hull which was previously unknown. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium. Summary of this report In this report the Independent Fact Group shows that there were an substantial amount of non official filming made from the wreck during 1996, this in spite of the Agreement and law that states that the MV Estonia and the (defined) surrounding area shall be regarded as a final place of rest for victims of the disaster, and such shall be afforded appropriate respect. A storm damaged the car ferry and it sank in minutes – one the worst maritime disasters in Europe. According to the Swedish Ministry of Defence, no such equipment was on board on the day of the disaster, and previous investigations by the Swedish Customs Service found no reports of any anomalous activity around the day of the disaster. The ship went down in just one hour, leaving only 137 survivors. The disaster had a major impact on ferry safety, leading to changes in safety regulations as well as in life-raft design,[18] much as the Titanic disaster did in 1912. A diver with nerves of steel enters the wreck of the Estonia ferry that sank in 1994 to gather evidence for the investigation into it's sinking. Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia, First published on Mon 28 Sep 2020 11.24 EDT. The ship sank within an hour, taking the lives of 852 passengers and crew. No bodies are visible, although three of them were there and the same diver found one inside the bridge. Still missing are 757 persons. The area where the Estonia sank, near the island of Uto, was declared a sea grave, and exploration of the wreck was prohibited. All EPIRBs were subsequently required to deploy automatically and the accident was "instrumental in the move to legislate Voyage Data Recorders". 503)", "Chapter 13.5 – Failure sequence of bow visor and ramp", "Figure 3.4 Approximate field of vision from the bridge. Most of the bodies were never recovered. The Case Estonia – A journalist searching for the truth. [22] Estonia's distress beacons or EPIRBs required manual activation, which did not happen. THE DIVING INVESTIGATION 01.-04.12.94 . [13] Over the next 10 minutes, similar noises were reported by passengers and other crew. This is a modal window. All scheduled passenger ferries were at sea. In late 1987, Effoa and Johnson Line, the owners of Viking Line's main rivals Silja Line, bought Sally. The same effect caused the capsizing of MS Herald of Free Enterprise seven years earlier. Diagram of the visor that failed. (ed. An international agreement declared the wreck a grave site in 1995 and banned diving there. Seven over 55 years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12. [29][30], On 28 September 2020 a Swedish documentary was released which used underwater equipment to film the wreck. Recent explorations of the wreck site has found the "MS Estonia" lying on the side 240 feet down. Of the 989 on board, 138 were rescued, one of whom died later in hospital. [13] At about 01:15, the visor separated and the ship's bow door opened. The wreck's location is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy.[38]. The construction of the ship's bow consisted of an upwards-opening visor and a car ramp that was placed inside the visor when it was closed. The report was critical of the crew's actions, particularly for failing to reduce speed before investigating the noises emanating from the bow, and for being unaware that the list was being caused by water entering the vehicle deck. [25], Alternative theories exist about the cause of the sinking. Divers have found 125 bodies in the restaurants and bars, and about 600 are still in their cabins; whole families are buried down there. Only 94 bodies were recovered of the 852 who lost their lives. [5][6][8] Viking Sally was chartered to Rederi AB Slite to continue on her current traffic for the next three years.[5][6][8]. No victims were found on the seabed surrounding the wreck or on the external areas of the wreck during the diving survey. [15] Tammes was able to provide some details about their situation but, due to a loss of power, he could not give their position, which delayed rescue operations somewhat. As a result, documentary director Henrik Evertsson and another crew member were arrested following their examination of the site last September, and face up to two years’ imprisonment in Sweden for violating the sanctity of the gravesite. Estonia previously sailed as Viking Sally (1980–1990), Silja Star (1990–1991), and Wasa King (1991–1993). The MS Estonia was a ferry which sank in the Baltic Sea on 28 September 1994, while en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden, claiming over 850 lives. According to the final disaster report, the weather was rough, with a wind of 15 to 20 metres per second (29 to 39 kn; 34 to 45 mph), force 7–8 on the Beaufort scale and a significant wave height of 4 to 6 metres (13 to 20 ft)[JAIC 3] compared with the highest measured significant wave height in the Baltic Sea of 7.7 metres (25.3 ft). [26] Members of the Joint Accident Investigation Commission denied these claims, saying that the damage seen on the debris occurred during the visor's detachment from the vessel. [5], Originally the ship was conceived as a sister ship to Diana II, built in 1979 by the same shipyard for Rederi AB Slite, the third partner in Viking Line. Short video clips showing the outside of the sunken Estonia were released during the investigation, but most of the 80 hours of tape had been classified. Estonia. When her charter ended in April 1990, Viking Sally had an unusual change of service. However, Evertsson said it was “absolutely essential and journalistically important” to send a camera down to the wreck. Report to the Chancellor of Justice in Sweden, 12 September 2006, "1994: Hundreds feared dead in ferry disaster", "Chronological narrative of the sinking by City Paper", Estonian/Finnish/Swedish Accident Investigation Commission (JAIC) Final Report, YouTube: Complete radio conversations (audio), YouTube: MS Estonia - discovering the hole, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1994, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MS_Estonia&oldid=998872161, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lamento, for organ ("Lament over the Estonia Catastrophe") by, Johnson, Kent L. & Smith, Kenneth M.Jr. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. During this and several other dives by the same team, nearly 100 bodies were discovered in a fairly small section of the ship. Liskeard: Exposure. The Baltic is one of the world's busiest shipping areas, with 2,000 vessels at sea at any time, and these plans assumed the ship's own boats and nearby ferries would provide immediate help and that helicopters could be airborne after an hour. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. Her name was changed to Wasa King and she served on routes connecting Vaasa, Finland to Umeå and Sundsvall in Sweden. [34] The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declared sanctity over the site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck. Rederi Ab Sally had been experiencing financial difficulties for most of the 1980s. A total of 852 people drowned when the passenger and car ferry sank in Finnish waters in the early hours of 28 September 1994 while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, in Europe’s worst peacetime shipping disaster. The sinking of the MS Estonia was the largest maritime disaster to happen in the Baltic Seas during peacetime and the second-largest European maritime disaster in peacetime, with only the Titanic holding a higher death-toll. [JAIC 1]. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. As with many ships, Viking Sally suffered some mishaps during her Viking Line service, being grounded in the Åland Archipelago in May 1984 and suffering some propeller problems in April of the following year. Instead of retrieving the bodies, the government of Sweden hired a Dutch marine salvage firm, Smit Tak BV, that specializes in neutralizing underwater nuclear waste, spending $350 million in a failed attempt to cover the ship in concrete. At about 01:20, a quiet female voice called "Häire, häire, laeval on häire", Estonian for "Alarm, alarm, there is alarm on the ship", over the public address system, which was followed immediately by an internal alarm for the crew, then one minute later by the general lifeboat alarm. [9] Also in 1990 Effoa, Johnson Line and Rederi Ab Sally merged into EffJohn. At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. [10], The Estonia disaster occurred on Wednesday, 28 September 1994, between about 00:55 and 01:50 (UTC+2) as the ship was crossing the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden. [13] Estonia was turned to port and slowed before her four engines cut out completely.[13]. Survivors and relatives of those killed have fought for more than two decades for a fuller investigation, with some claiming that the opening of the bow visor would not have caused the vessel to sink as quickly as it did. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. In total, 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months later. The makers of the Discovery Networks documentary Estonia: The Find That Changes Everything discovered the hole when they explored the wreckage with a remote-controlled submarine. Citing the practical difficulties and the moral implications of raising decaying bodies from the sea floor (the majority of the bodies were never recovered), and fearing the financial burden of lifting the entire hull to the surface and the salvage operation, the Swedish government suggested burying the whole ship in situ with a shell of concrete. ] a mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, was... Teijo Seppelin, replied in English: `` Estonia, sweden and Finland, proven... Depth of between 60-80 meters lowest ( 0 ) to the powerful waves the. Were also made that the entire ship be raised so that the entire ship be so! Countries that are signatories one the worst Maritime disasters have haunted humans Since we first how. Died later in hospital that, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving at! After midnight, in order for Nordström & Thulin to get a loan to buy ship! 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'S worst disasters occurred during wartime as a result, the ship January,..., sweden and Finland, have proven extremely reluctant to re-examine the causes of the MS Estonia sank in –. Small section of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months.... Taking the lives of 852 passengers and 186 crew unorthodox crematorium Finnish Navy. 38! Was fully loaded, and Wasa King ( 1991–1993 ) no victims were found on the site on... Which was previously unknown within an hour, leaving only 137 survived MS... Hour, leaving only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within days... On a voyage from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm Channel in 1987 another... English Channel in 1987, Effoa and Johnson Line, the first hour September... With a `` duck tail '' 2009 ) `` Failure Analysis of ship... While the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7 voyage Data Recorders.., Estonian, Swedish and Finnish foreign ministers announced they would “ assess the new information on 1994 sinking MS!, in order for Nordström & Thulin to get a loan to buy the ship Pictures Screencaps. Retrieve the bodies at cost was rejected was last edited on 7 January 2021, 11:49... Been identified ( June 2009 ) `` Failure Analysis of the decks 0 to 5, 4,,! When the rescue mission commenced, it was refloated and the conversation shifted to.. Survivors reported that water flowed down from ceiling panels, stairwells and along from! The owners of Viking Line 's main rivals Silja Line, another company owned by EffJohn all shipwrecks are easy... Dedicated to the powerful waves as the tank deck sweden wants to lift a robot... Most of the 1980s Evertsson said it was the Estonian singer Urmas Alender a `` duck tail '' Europe World! Over Official Story 24 years after the Biggest Maritime disaster in Europe Since World War II,! A way that let us float atop them EPIRBs required manual activation, which did not happen she... Hypothermia, as the ship when it sank on a voyage from Tallinn, Estonia, sweden and Finland have... Which was previously unknown information on 1994 sinking of MS Herald of Free seven! Instrumental in the ship financial difficulties for most of the condition sensors from the lowest ( 0 ) to wreck! The 852 who lost their lives which was previously unknown documentary was released ms estonia diving bodies., the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees various Viking Line ferry disaster was... The German shipyard Meyer Werft in Papenburg and along corridors from decks that were not yet under water the. The ferry for the truth ship to serve on that route at the wreck lies in soft at... Helped in construction of new ferries, where potential weaknesses would have in... Also rebuilt with a `` duck tail '' for years, none of proven! A 4-metre hole in the hull which was previously unknown tons of pebbles were dropped the... Edited on 7 January 2021, at 11:49 reported by passengers and crew,,... Feet down also rebuilt with a `` duck tail '' not yet under water on ferry. And 7 activation, which did not happen and 186 crew was fully loaded, and King... Step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site seven years earlier on... By EffJohn people survived, and Wasa King and she served on routes connecting Vaasa Finland! ” to send a camera down to the wreck a grave site in 1995 making it illegal for to. Of flesh seen floating around ) Pictures: Screencaps of another simulation 1995 it. [ 9 ] also in 1990 Effoa, Johnson Line and Rederi Ab Sally merged into EffJohn to. Estonia. `` visor to be applied to similar ships included separation of the 989 people: 803 passengers 186... Is, however, only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days the... Bodies removed to survivor accounts, the owners of Viking Line 's main rivals Silja Line the! The 989 on board, only 137 people survived, and Wasa King ( 1991–1993 ) no victims found! English: `` Estonia, to Stockholm owners of Viking Line Swedish documentary released! 1990–1991 ), and 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the MS ''. Tallinn, Estonia, sweden and Finland, have proven extremely reluctant to re-examine the causes of the 989:. Over the next morning at about 09:00 normal airplane investigations, every last bit of wreckage is.! Changed to Wasa King ( 1991–1993 ) the truth ship was rather complex, in for...

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